Low back Pain ( LBP) is a very common type of back pain nowadays. It can be caused by various factors. Many physical and psychological factors can also cause lower back pain. Physiotherapists can help you in reducing pain, increasing mobility, improving quality of life.

  1. Muscle strain: Improper lifting of objects from the floor, sitting for a long time. Overuse or sudden movements can also cause ligament strain in the lower back pain.
  2. Degenerative disc disease: Due to the normal aging process the disc in the spine can degenerate. this will lead to reduced cushioning between vertebrae. Eventually, it will cause pain, and stiffness and reduce movement of the lower back.
  3. Spinal stenosis: In this condition there is the narrowing of the spinal canal, causing pressure on the spinal cord. This will again lead to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spinal-stenosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20352961#:~:text=Overview,spinal%20stenosis%20have%20no%20symptoms.
  4. Herniated or building discs: There is bulging or discs coming out between the vertebrae. These herniated discs are putting pressure on the surrounding nerves and causing pain. This can happen due to wear and tear over time.
  5. Poor Posture: Prolonged sitting or standing can cause muscle strain.
  6. Medical Conditions: Kidney stones, infections, and inflammatory disorders can cause low back pain.
  1. Low back pain
  2. Tingling or numbness in lower legs
  3. Radiating pain in the back of legs
  4. Muscle spasm
  5. Difficulty in walking or standing
  6. Pain in specific movement
  1. Difficulty in passing urine
  2. Loss of bladder or bowel control
  3. Impaired sexual functions
  1. Remaining as active as the pain allows
  2. Pain killers if needed
  3. Advice from a healthcare professional

Do’s :

  1. Stay active
  2. Practice good posture
  3. Stretch regularly
  4. Use supportive footwear
  5. Manage stress
  6. Maintain healthy weight


  1. Avoid prolonged sitting
  2. Dont lift heavy objects improperly
  3. Avoid high heels
  4. Limit high-impact activities
  5. Dont ignore pain


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